LVT flooring (also known as vinyl strips and tiles) is actually constructed of three layers: the backing, the printed film layer and the top layer.
The backing forms the important base of any LVT floor, because it defines the technical quality of the floor. The backing may consist of pure PVC (this is the most expensive, but best composition because it is dimensionally stable and reliable), but could also consist of recycled materials from non-traceable sources. Although this lowers costs, it also significantly lowers reliability. All mFLOR floors are made from the purest PVC.
The film layer gives the floor its attractive appearance. mFLOR prints this film layer onto special PVC film, because this ensures that the absorption level is low and the colours achieved are very clear and vivid. The same is not achieved if the design is printed onto paper (which is what happens for laminates) or a PVC gel-coat (which is the case for LVT floors, which are made using continuous production).
This is one of the reasons for the very natural appearance of mFLOR floors.
The wear layer protects the product from wear and tear caused by use of the floor. Protective layers are available in a variety of compositions and thicknesses; 0.3 mm is commonly used for domestic applications (overall thickness generally 2 mm) and 0.55 mm for project-based use (overall thickness generally 2.5 mm).
The wear layer can also be given a particular texture, known as ’embossing’, which makes the PVC floor look even more realistic. Special ‘In Register Embossing’ makes sure that the most realistic appearance possible is achieved, because the structure in the top layer matches the design for the film layer. In short, if you can see knots and ‘In Register Embossing’ has been used, you will actually be able to feel the knots too.
All mFLOR floors also feature a protective matt PU (polyurethane) layer.
Broadly speaking, there are two different production methods: ‘hot press’ and so-called ‘continuous technology’. In principle, continuous technology involves producing PVC floors on rolls, after which the strips and tiles can be cut out from these rolls (at the size required). This method of production has the advantage that it makes floors a little more flexible.
mFLOR uses the special ‘hot press’ production method. This involves literally pressing the various levels of the product together, yielding a stiffer product. This results in a number of advantages:
Products are more dimensionally stable.
Deeper colour effects are possible, resulting in strong design appearance.
In Register Embossing is possible.